Science / Technology

India’s Innovations in Science and Technology

In the last decade, India has churned out a lot of innovations, with the focus being on producing indigenous research and making them available to the world at an affordable rate. From detecting heart conditions to making lenses affordable for cataracts patients, innovations in water purifying and discoveries in cancer drug treatments, and several more…
1. Speech And Language – Breathing Translates To Spoken Communication

At 16 years old, Arsh Shah Dilbagi thought of a progressive innovation that can possibly change the lives of individuals with formative handicaps and discourse weaknesses. TALK is an AAC – augmentative and elective specialized gadget – that believers breaths into blended sentences or stand up summons and expressions. His patent-pending innovation got the consideration of the world – Dilbagi was a finalist at the Google 2014 Science Fair and the compact creation will ideally be available sooner rather than later.

2. Water Purification at a Nanoscale Level

In 2015, Dr. Suryasarathi Bose, Assistant Professor of Department of Materials Engineering and a group created a water cleaning framework that could even dispense with unsafe microbes at a nanoscale level. The channel comprised of a permeable layer made of two polymers, alongside minute amounts of silver, titanium dioxide and carbon nanotubes. The pores sift through the micron-sized microbes, while the silver-titanium-carbon blend executes the microscopic organisms.

3. A Non-hazardous Stain for Scientists

Analysts in labs frequently work with various chemicals and dangerous materials that could influence their wellbeing. Corrosive stains are utilized to test various chemicals that is likely carcogenic. In March 2016, J Fathima Benazir built up a stain that, if supplanted with corrosive stains, could enable specialists to decrease their presentation to destructive chemicals. The new stain called Tinto Rang is produced using plants, and is even safe for utilization. This indigenous creation could likewise be the most secure on the planet, as indicated by Benazir.

4. Shoes That Mobilize The Visually-impaired

Haptic technology uses vibration force or movement to communicate via the sense of touch, and is the backbone of Lechal shoes. Nestled in the insole, Lechal’s technology guides users with a series of vibrations that indicates which direction to walk. These special shoes allow visually impaired people to move around with confidence and security as their shoes and programmed GPS technology will take them to their desired destination. As an added bonus, for every purchase of a pair of LECHAL footwear, the cost of the insoles will be subsidized for a visually-challenged individual.

5. A Vaccine to Combat Hepatitis C

In India, 20% constant liver illness has one reason: hepatitis C infection, which spreads through blood contact, and influences 12 million individuals. It causes extreme liver issues, once in a while notwithstanding winding up in malignancy. In February this year, a group of researchers drove by Professor Saumitra Das built up an immunization that could deliver the antibodies to battle the infection. At the present time, the immunization is as yet being tried on creatures, however the outcomes are promising, as per Das.


6. Smartphone-Turned-Malaria-Detector

Ever figured one could distinguish jungle fever through an advanced mobile phone? Dr Sai Siva Gorthi, from the division of Instrumental and Applied Physics and her group did as such. They changed over a cell phone into a capable tiny gadget that disposes of the different phases of blood testing to identify intestinal sickness. The group supplanted the telephone camera with high determination optics of a magnifying lens. The cell phone likewise has programming that reviews the pictures caught through the magnifying instrument and tells even a layman whether it has the intestinal sickness infection or not. It requires a minor measure of blood as a specimen

7. A Revolutionary Cancer Molecule Inhibitor

In 2012, Sathees C Raghavan, connect teacher with IISc’s organic chemistry division and his group built up an atom inhibitor, SCR7, which could change tumor treatment. In 2014, researchers at MIT tried the particle and found its productivity and potential in turning into a vital piece of hostile to growth drugs. The particle inhibitor ties with the disease cells to hinder its DNA from repair, along these lines murdering the tumor cells. While the medications are still under research, the reality remains that an Indian group was imperative in making a hostile to disease tranquilize.

8. A Solar Water Purifier

Another twist to the water purifier, this innovation by Professor Vasant Natarajan, from the Department of Physics is low cost and does not require membranes or electricity. According to Natarajan, this device could purify all kinds of water – sea, bore well, ponds, even rain water – into drinkable water, and produce 1.5 litres out of 3 litres of impure water. Explaining how the device works, he said that first the water is evaporated using solar energy, and then the vapours are condensed on a cold surface. What’s left behind is all the impure substances such as bacteria, arsenic, and fluoride.

9. Non-invasive Heart Condition Detector

A non-intrusive gadget that can quantify heart and lung, called the Fiber Bragg Grating Heart Beat Device, was concocted by S Asokan, Professor at Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics and his group. The gadget basically should be wrapped around a man’s chest, while the sensors recognize heart exercises, measure circulatory strain, check blood glucose levels, and screen breath. Made of an optical fiber sensor, this gadget can without much of a stretch help distinguish heart conditions early.

10. Affordable Lens to Give Vision to Cataract Patients

In an existence sparing development by Professor G. Mohan Rao at the Department of Instrumentation in 2015, many individuals who experience the ill effects of waterfall are presently ready to see. The group created temperate intraocular focal points (IOLs) in their labs that could be reasonable for even poor patients. They succeeded, following quite a while of trials, in making a thin film of “tetraflouroethane” covering on IOL. This IOL replaces the regular focal point according to a waterfall understanding. Up until now, IOLs grew abroad were costly and difficult to reach to generally Indians. This, in any case, changed when Rao and his group prevailing in their tests and exchanged the innovation to AUROLAB, which now delivers these focal points.



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